Feudalism was an ancient form of government that existed before the democratic government was established. Approximately the 9th century to the 15th century, feudalism dominated as the main economic model. Inside a feudal system, a master or lordship provides horse warriors with a land grant (medieval beneficium), a division of territory to manage in return for military duty.

The person that acquired the land became a subordinate, and the man who gave it to him was referred to as his kinsman or master. Profanity pledges on the Scripture or saints’ statues were a common way to finalize the transaction.

Conditions, particularly the worth of the property, the soldier’s ability, local tradition, and the liege lord’s economic significance, all played a role. In the late Middle Ages, for example, this army profession was frequently relinquished in favor of cash payment or a contract to furnish the master with a set number of male soldiers or horse warriors.

In the late Middle Ages, lordship also grew permanent, with the heir of a king or minor dignitary inheriting his father’s property and garrison responsibilities after he died. Basically, if you were a serf or peasant, you owned nothing, which meant that you would have to work someone else’s land for the privilege of having somewhere to live.

Feudalism had a huge impact on the middle ages in two ways.

What is the hierarchy of feudal society?

Different knights divided their territories into increasingly smaller portions to distribute to subordinate kings and warriors. These lower feudal lords would then split their territories into even relatively small fiefs to distribute to even poorer lords and warriors.

Each warrior will vow his allegiance (commitment) to the person who granted him the territory, which was not always the monarch or superior feudal lords. Members are usually at the heart of feudal control, not democratic states or communities.

Although individual lords, aristocrats, and fiefs were ostensibly faithful to the ruler or the royal clan, there was no solid regulatory precedent barring them from fighting each other. The ties of fealty frequently become so interwoven that a single lance could find himself paying homage to two opposing nobles or lords.

There was no sense of devotion to a specific region or ethnicity; instead, there was just allegiance to a single individual, which would end with tragedy.

Feudalism Stifled Trading And Slowed Productivity Expansion

The territory was tended by wage slaves, poor peasants who were confined to particular acreages and were forbidden from relocating or switching professions without the approval of their owner.

The wage slaves obliged the medieval master a specified time duration each year to labor the knight’s farms in return for the privilege to work their holdings, and the lord may demand one-third to one-half of their yield in taxation.

Different laborers might form a municipality (communal governance among themselves) or compensate the lord for the opportunity to have their court cases tried by jurors in exchange for additional expensive payments.

The aspiring societies may share their resources and purchase a franchise, which is a constitutional instrument that grants people of a municipality or community economic liberties such as the benefits of owning and selling properties or products.

In reality, these acts were usually required for financial reasons, but it is believed that the knight’s former slaves were granted these rights as a selfless deed in exchange for various financial problems.

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